Difference Between Spring and Hibernate l Spring vs Hibernate

Key Difference – Spring vs Hibernate

A software framework provides a standard way to build and deploy applications. It includes support programs, compilers, code libraries, tools and Application Programming Interfaces (API). It connects all components necessary for the project. The programmer can use pre-defined codes in their programs using frameworks. Some common Java-based frameworks are Spring, Hibernate, Struts, Maven, and JSF. This article discusses the difference between Spring and Hibernate. Spring framework provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for Java-based enterprise applications. Hibernate is used to interact with the database. It is an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) framework that converts the Java objects to database tables. It allows the programmers to avoid the unfamiliar SQL types and to work with familiar Java objects. The key difference between Spring and Hibernate is that Spring is a complete and a modular framework for developing Enterprise Applications in Java while Hibernate is an Object Relational Mapping framework specialized in data persisting and retrieving from a database.


1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Spring
3. What is Hibernate
4. Similarities Between Spring and Hibernate
5. Side by Side Comparison – Spring vs Hibernate in Tabular Form
6. Summary

What is Spring?

Spring is an open source project developed by Pivotal Software. It is a complete and a modular framework for developing Enterprise Applications in Java. Java supports Object Oriented Programming (OOP). Generally, the programmer always writes the business logic using Java classes or interfaces. They are also called as Plain Old Java Classes (POJO) and Plain old Java interfaces (POJI). In Spring, the programmer can write the plain old Java classes, and he can provide metadata in the XML file. The Spring container creates the objects, and the programmer can use these objects in the project. The dependencies for the application is provided by Spring. It is known as dependency injection.

Difference Between Spring and Hibernate l Spring vs Hibernate

There are modules in Spring. The modules are grouped together based on their primary features. The core container provides the basic functionality of the framework. The data access modules help to work with datasets. It contains JDBC for connecting to the database. It is also useful for integrating other frameworks such as Hibernate. The JMS in data access module contains features for producing and consuming messages. The web module provides web-oriented integration features and supports Model, View, Controller (MVC) web development. Web socket provides support for two-way communication. Spring supports Aspect Oriented Programming (AOP). It is about cross-cutting concerns, and they are separated from the business logic. Those are some advantages of Spring. Overall, it is a lightweight and comprehensive tool for application development.

What is Hibernate?

Hibernate is a lightweight, Object Relational Mapping (ORM) framework developed by Red Hat. Object Relational Mapping (ORM) is a programming technique that converts data between incompatible type systems. It simplifies the data creation, data manipulation, and data access. The programmer only needs to concern about the business logic. It is not necessary to write plain SQL statements. The object persistence is handled by the Hibernate. Hibernate supports relational database such as Oracle, MySQL, M, SQL, and PostgreSQL.

Difference Between Spring and Hibernate l Spring vs Hibernate

Hibernate maps Java classes to database tables. If there is an object called student with indexno, name and address, then the ORM framework can convert that object into a relational database table. Then the table name is as student. The columns of the table are indexno, name and address. To map the Java classes to database tables, the programmer only has to some configurations to the XML file. If the programmer wants to change the database tables, it can be easily done using the XML file. Therefore, the programmer can build Java objects without concerning complicated SQL statements. Overall, it is a powerful, high-performance ORM framework. It is the middleware between the application and database.

What are the Similarities Between Spring and Hibernate?

  • Both are Spring and Hibernate frameworks for developing Enterprise Applications in Java.
  • Both Spring and Hibernate are open source.
  • Both Spring and Hibernate are lightweight
  • Both Spring and Hibernate are written in Java.
  • Both Spring and Hibernate are cross-platform.

What is the Difference Between Spring and Hibernate?

Spring vs Hibernate

Spring is a complete and a modular framework for developing Enterprise Applications in Java. Hibernate is an Object Relational Mapping framework specialized in data persisting and retrieving from a database.
Spring is useful for transaction management, Aspect Oriented Programming and for dependency injection. Hibernate provides Object-Relational Persistence and Query service for applications.
Spring has a number of modules such as Spring core, Spring MVC, Spring Security, Spring JDBC and many more. Hibernate is an ORM and does not have modules like Spring.
Spring was developed by Pivotal Software. Hibernate was developed by Red Hat.

Summary – Spring vs Hibernate

Spring is popular framework among Java community. Spring contains the core container, JDBC, MVC and various other features for building an entire application. Hibernate provides the communication between the application and database through objects without plain SQL. It provides high performance, scalability, and reliability. The difference between Spring and Hibernate is that spring is a complete and a modular framework for developing Enterprise Applications in Java while Hibernate is an Object Relational Mapping framework specialized in data persisting and retrieving from a database. Hibernate is integrated into to Spring framework.

Download the PDF Version of Spring vs Hibernate

You can download the PDF version of this article and use it for offline purposes as per citation note. Please download the PDF version here: Difference Between Spring and Hibernate


1.edurekaIN. What Is Spring Framework In Java | Spring Framework Tutorial For Beginners With Examples | Edureka, Edureka!, 31 May 2017. Available here  
2.tutorialspoint.com. “Spring Framework Overview.” Www.tutorialspoint.com The Point. Available here  3.HIBERNATE TUTORIAL WHAT IS HIBERNATE FRAMEWORK, Interview Dot, 6 Jan. 2015. Available here  

Image Courtesy:

1.’Pivotal Java Spring Logo’By Source, Fair use, (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia
2.’Hibernate logo a’By binary distribution of hibernate  (LGPL) via Commons Wikimedia

Key Difference – Capitalism vs Democracy   Capitalism and Democracy are two systems in the modern world, between which a clear difference can be identified. The significance and attention given to these two concepts are relatively gigantic due to its necessity for the modern day society. However, one can easily confuse the difference between Capitalism and Democracy. Hence, it would be best to define the two words at the beginning itself. Capitalism refers to a system in which a country’s trade and industry are controlled by private owners. The emergence and massive growth of capitalism are evident when tracing the history of the world. On the other hand, democracy refers to a form of government in which the people have a say in who should hold power. The key difference between capitalism and democracy is that while capitalism pertains to the economy of the state, democracy pertains to politics. What is Capitalism? According to the Oxford....... READ

Venom vs Poison   There is a difference between venom and poison. Wait, what? Venom and poison! Are not they supposed to be one and the same thing? As far as the common perception is concerned, venom and poison are synonyms but the reality is that they are different from one another despite having many similarities. This article will explain these differences by highlighting the features of venom and poison so as to remove any doubts in the minds of the readers. As words, venom is only used as a noun while poison is used a noun as well as a verb. Interestingly, both venom and poison have their origins in Middle English. What does Venom mean? On the other hand, venom is non-toxic if swallowed but becomes toxic when injected under the skin by venomous creatures like snakes and spiders. This venom then goes inside the tissues of the.......READ

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.