Difference Between Colon and Intestines | Colon vs Intestines

The key difference between colon and intestines is that colon is a major section of the large intestine that consists of four parts as ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid colon while the intestines constitute a significant part of the gastrointestinal tract and consist of the small intestine and large intestine.

Gastro-intestinal tract is one of the major organ systems present in our body. It consists of different components: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, and anus. Intestines start from the lower part of the stomach and extend up to the anus. Moreover, there are two types of intestines. They are the small intestine and large intestine. The small intestine is narrow and long while large intestine is wider and short. However, both intestines have different sections. In the large intestine, colon is the major part. Moreover, it is the principal site of water reabsorption.


1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Colon
3. What are Intestines
4. Similarities Between Colon and Intestines
5. Side by Side Comparison – Colon vs Intestines in Tabular Form
6. Summary

What is Colon?

Colon is the main part of the large intestine and is 1.8 m long. The large intestine is one of the two components of the intestines of the GI tract. Colon mainly carries out water reabsorption. Furthermore, it employs salt absorption whenever necessary.