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Difference Between Language and Dialect in Sociolinguistic | Language vs Dialect


The key difference between language and dialect in sociolinguistics is their mutual intelligibility. That is, if speakers of two varieties of a language can understand each other, then those varieties are considered to be dialects; if they are unable to understand each other, those varieties are separate languages.

People around the world speak various languages. Most of these languages also have various dialects, with variations in grammar, vocabulary or pronunciation. French, Japanese, Arabic, Latin, Hindi and Russian are some examples of language. Canadian French, Quebec French, Belgian French, and Louisiana French are some examples of dialects of the French language.

CONTENTS

1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Language
3. What is Dialect 
4. Side by Side Comparison – Language vs Dialect in Sociolinguistics in Tabular Form
5. Summary

What is Language?

Language is the method of human communication by speaking, writing, or making signs in a way that can be understood. There are two main components of language: oral language and written language. Orality is the main aspect of a language since the function of writing and reading is based on speaking.

Furthermore, language is not a static thing; it evolves every moment. New words and sentence structures are constantly introduced to the language. Moreover, the meanings of some words get change, and some words go out of usage. The speakers of a language are responsible for all these changes.