The key difference between mesenchymal and hematopoietic stem cells is that mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into neurons, bone, cartilage, muscle, and fat tissue cells while hematopoietic stem cells can differentiate into all types of blood cells in our body.
Stem cells are undifferentiated or unspecialized cells present in our body. They are capable of dividing and giving the same type of stem cells or differentiating into specialized cells in tissues that have specified functions. Due to these remarkable abilities of stem cells, they are used in repairing and regenerating damaged tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells and hematopoietic stem cells are two types of stem cells that are extremely important. Mesenchymal stem cells (non-hematopoietic stem cells) are multipotent stem cells that can generate bone, cartilage and fat cells. On the other hand, hematopoietic stem cells can form all types of blood cells in the body. Moreover, both these stem cell types are present in the bone marrow.
1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What are Mesenchymal Stem Cells
3. What are Hematopoietic Stem Cells
4. Similarities Between Mesenchymal and Hematopoietic Stem Cells
5. Side by Side Comparison – Mesenchymal vs Hematopoietic Stem Cells in Tabular Form
What are Mesenchymal Stem Cells?
Mesenchymal stem cells are a type of adult stem cells that are multipotent and can differentiate into several different specialized cell types including neurons, bone, cartilage, muscle and fat tissue cells. These cells are stromal cells or the cells of the connective tissues. Mesenchymal cells have a small cell body containing several cell processes that are long and thin.