Difference Between Pteridophytes and Phanerogams | Pteridophytes vs Phanerogams

The key difference between pteridophytes and phanerogams is that pteridophytes are seedless and flowerless vascular plants while phanerogams are seed and flower-bearing vascular plants.

Kingdom Plantae has two sub-kingdoms as cryptogamae and Phanerogamae. Cryptogamae includes plants that reproduce through spores. Thus, those plants are seedless and flowerless plants. Furthermore, the sub-kingdom has three main groups as Thallophyta, Bryophyta, and Pteridophyta which includes mosses, algae, lichens, and ferns. On the other hand, sub-kingdom Phanerogamae includes seed plants gymnosperms and angiosperms. They produce visible reproductive structures called flowers. Both pteridophytes and phanerogams are vascular plants. The main aim of this article is to discuss the difference between pteridophytes and phanerogams.


1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What are Pteridophytes 
3. What are Phanerogams
4. Similarities Between Pteridophytes and Phanerogams
5. Side by Side Comparison – Pteridophytes vs Phanerogams in Tabular Form
6. Summary

What are Pteridophytes?

Pteridophytes are the first true land plants. They are vascular plants that have differentiated plant bodies. Hence, they have true roots, stem and leaves. They anchor into the soil by roots and have erect and rigid plant bodies.