The key difference between spore and vegetative cell is that spore is an inactive, dormant structure that is resistant to harsh environmental conditions while vegetative cell is an active normal growing cell that cannot resist harsh environmental conditions.
Vegetative cells are the normal living cells that are metabolically active. Vegetative cells produce small structures called spores when the environmental conditions are not good for vegetative cells to survive.
1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is a Spore
3. What is a Vegetative Cell
4. Similarities Between Spore and Vegetative Cell
5. Side by Side Comparison – Spore vs Vegetative Cell in Tabular Form
What is a Spore?
Spore is a small, single cell structure produced by certain bacteria, fungi, algae and nonflowering plants. Spores are asexually or sexually made. They can resist harsh environmental conditions, and they can survive under low nutrient conditions. Once the favorable conditions happen, spores can become active and grow into a new organism. Furthermore, some bacteria produce spores known as endospores that are dormant structures developed from the bacterial cell.