Difference Between Vegetative Propagation and Spore Formation | Vegetative Propagation vs Spore Formation

Key Difference – Vegetative Propagation vs Spore Formation

Vegetative propagation and spore formation are two types of asexual reproduction in plants. Vegetative propagation is the development or the growth of a new plant from a vegetative part or propagule. Spore formation is a method where new individuals are produced through spores; tiny spherical spores are produced and released into the air (environment) by the organisms. Once these spores are deposited on a suitable substrate, they germinate and develop into new individuals. The key difference between vegetative propagation and spore formation is that vegetative propagation is carried out by vegetative parts of the parent while spore formation is done by spores produced by the parent.


1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Vegetative Propagation
3. What is Spore Formation
4. What are the similarities between Vegetative Propagation and Spore Formation
5. Side by Side Comparison – Vegetative Propagation vs Spore Formation in Tabular Form
6. Summary

What is Vegetative Propagation?

Vegetative propagation is a type of asexual reproduction method in plants. There are various types of vegetative propagation units involved in vegetative propagation. They include runners, corms, tubers, bulbs, rhizomes, suckers, offsets, etc. These units are capable of developing into new individual plants. They are also called vegetative propagules. If vegetative propagules are available, plants can produce new plants, without producing seeds or spores. Vegetative propagation occurs naturally as well as artificially.

Artificial vegetative propagation is used by gardeners and farmers to produce for commercial propagation. They use different methods of vegetative propagation. Tissue culture, grafting, budding, layering, and cuttings are several methods used in artificial vegetative propagation. The most common type of vegetative propagation is done using stem cuttings. It is an easy way of propagating plants. A piece of the parent plant is removed and placed on a suitable substrate to grow into a new plant. Grafting is another popular method of vegetative propagation. Grafting is done by joining a stem or bud onto a stem of a mature plant which has roots.

Vegetative reproduction produces new plants which are genetically identical to the parental plant. Hence, the genetic diversity of the plants is reduced, and they all compete for the same nutritional resources in the soil. This is a major disadvantage of vegetative reproduction.