The key difference between voice and speech in grammar is that the voice in grammar indicates whether a verb is active or passive while the speech in grammar indicates how we represent the speech of other people or ourselves.
Speech in grammar has two main categories as direct speech and indirect speech whereas voice in grammar has two main categories as active voice and passive voice. Speech and voice are two categories in grammar that most language learners find confusing and problematic.
1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Voice in Grammar
3. What is Speech in Grammar
4. Side by Side Comparison – Voice vs Speech in Grammar in Tabular Form
What is Voice in Grammar?
In grammar, voice determines whether a verb is active or passive. A sentence is active when the subject is the doer of the action; in contrast, it is passive when the subject is the target or the undergoer of the action. Active sentences are said to be in active voice while passive sentences are said to be in passive voice.
A sentence is in active voice if the subject is performing the action, which is indicated by the verb. For example,